Periodonal Exam and Stages of Gum Disease

Periodontal dentistry or Periodontics is a dental specialty that deals in the treatment of the gum tissue supporting the teeth.

Periodontal Exam

Periodontal Care in Chandler, AZ

Early diagnosis and treatment are important for your dental and overall health. A periodontal examination can identify many problems before they advance into complex and permanent problems.

Periodontal disease is gum disease, an infection of the gum tissue and bone surrounding the teeth. An estimated 80% of the adult population has periodontal disease at one stage or another.

Periodontal bacteria causes inflammation and destruction of the gum tissue that connect teeth to bone. As gum tissue is lost, a space called a periodontal pocket is created. A small amount of pocketing with 1 to 3 mm depths is normal. Proper daily brushing and flossing help keep dental pockets clean. When pockets are greater than 3 mm in-depth, it is impossible for you to clean and maintain them without periodontal treatment. As a result, bacteria multiply in deeper pockets and cause chronic gum infection.

As people age, we become more vulnerable to periodontal bacteria. Without periodontal treatment, teeth lose gum support, become loose and painful, and are eventually lost.

Stages of Periodontal Disease

Some factors increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:

Warning signs of periodontal problems:

Common periodontal procedures:

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